District Administration Concept and Emergence (Part – 5)

1. Autonomous District Council administration is applicable in which state?

  • Assam, – Meghalaya, – Tripura
  • Autonomous Zilla Parishad has been constituted for administration in tribal area.
  • Part 10 of the Constitution and Article 244 envisages special arrangements of administration in certain areas which are designated Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas.
  • The President has the right to declare any area in India as a Scheduled Area.
  • The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution discusses the administration and control of the Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes of the states.

2. Which tribal areas in the state of Assam are included in the Autonomous District Council.

  • North Cachar Hill District
  • Karbi Angtang District
  • Bodoland Territory Region District

3. Correct statement

  • The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution lays down the special provisions of the tribal region of the four north-eastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura.
  • There will be a Zilla Parishad for each 87 district, consisting of 30 members.
  • Of the 30 members, 4 members will be nominated by the Governor and the remaining 26 members will be elected on the basis of adult suffrage.

4. Correct statement

  • The District and Territorial Council have the power to legislate for the areas under them.
  • The number of elected members of the Autonomous District Council is 26.
  • The elected members of the Autonomous District Council have a term of 5 years.
  • The term of the member nominated by the Governor is not fixed, he will continue in the post of the Governor.

5. Match

  • Firka                     –                  Tamil Nadu
  • Parganas             –                  Uttar Pradesh
  • Province              –                  Punjab
  • Circle                   –                  Maharashtra

District Administration Concept and Emergence (Part – 4)

6. Correct statement

  • In 1772 AD Warren Hastings created the post of District Collector for the first time in India.
  • In 1792 AD, the post of District Judge was created by separating judicial powers from the District Collector.
  • On the basis of Macaulay report, Indian Civil Service (ICS) started appointing Collector.

7. Match

  • Sub Division                 –                  Divisional Officer
  • Liaison                          –                  Tehsildar
  • Parganas                      –                  Kanungo
  • Village                           –                  Patwari

8. Correct statement

  • Shri Anil Kumar Lakhina, the then Collector of Ahmednagar, attracted the attention of the entire country by implementing a reform scheme in the year 1984 in his district office.
  • Under this, the office process was further complicated.
  • The main objective of this reform was to maintain the secrecy of the district administration.

9. Match

  • Mughal period – Government
  • East India Company – District
  • Warren Hastings – Collector
  • After Independence – District

10. Correct statement

  • Integrated Rural Development Program was launched on 2 October 1980 with the broad objective of poverty alleviation in the blocks of the states.
  • Integrated Rural Development Program is a major credit based self-employment scheme.
  • The post of Assistant Project Officer (Women) has been established keeping in mind the Women’s aspects of Integrated Rural Development Program (IRDP) and the Department of Women and Children in Rural Areas, DWCRA program.

11. Match

  • Assam                 –                  Bodoland Pradesh Region District
  • Meghalaya           –                  Jaintian Hill District
  • Tripura                –                  Tripura Tribal Area District
  • Mizoram               –                  Chakma District

12. Correct statement

  • District and Territorial Council have the right to assess and collect land swaraj.
  • The rule of the Parliamentary State Legislature does not apply in an autonomous district or autonomous region.

13. Statement (A) The post of divisional commissioner was created in 1829 for the post establishing contact between the district administration and the state headquarters.

Reason (R) It is also working at the present time.

  • Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.

14. Statement (A) The post of District Superintendent was created in 1834 for police administration related works at the district level.

Reason (R) District Superintendent is formerly the form of District Officer.

  • Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.

15. Statement (A) The district has a long history as a regional unit of governance in India, starting from the Mauryan period.

Reason (R) In Mauryan period the district was called Sarkar.

  • A is correct, but R is false

Functions of the Staff Agencies

16. Statement (A) District administration is called ‘a small state in a state’.

Reason (R) It is the job of the district administration to give practical form to the laws made by the state administration and which are determined.

  • Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.

17. Statement (A) The functions and duties of the Collector cannot be directly explained.

Reason (R) He is the head of the district administration and the representative of the state government in the district.

  • Both A and R and R is the correct explanation of A.

18. Statement (A) The Revenue and General Administration Department and Registration Department of the District Magistrate Administration are directly under the charge of the Collector.

Reason (R) He also has control and influence over all other departments of the district administration.

  • Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A.

19. Statement (A) The Collector has to ensure the interpretation of the inputs made by various agencies of the district.

Reason (R) The bodies of the Panchayati State require an explanation of all inputs required for development.

  • A is correct but R is false.

20. Statement (A) The powers and powers of the Collector have increased after independence.

Reason (R) Due to the establishment of democratic system and increased control of public representatives, its actions were curbed.

  • A is false, but R is correct

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