Introduction to Public Administration (Part – 1)
1. From which language did the word ‘Administration’ originate? – from the Latin language
- Administration is mainly a Sanskrit word which originated from the Latin word ‘Administation’.
- Which means to work excellently.
2. Who has given the definition of the word ‘Administration’ to organize and direct the honorable and material resources for the achievement of desirable goals? – John M. Fipnar and R. Vans Presthes
3. “The field of administration is the field of trade. This is different from political rhetoric. ”Whose statement is this? – Woodrow Wilson
4. “Administration is the organization established for the purpose and the use of man and things.” Which scholar has given this definition? – McNaney
5. “Administration is the surest work done for the attainment of a distinct objective.” Which scholar has given this definition? – F.M Marks
- According to FM Marx, “Administration is a concerted effort and definite use of means to achieve conscious objectives”, “Administration is a deterministic process” and “Administration is the definitive work done to achieve a specific objective”.
6. Public administration first started as a subject – in the United States
- In the 17th century, the term ‘public administration’ in European language came to refer to the separation of public and private functions of the king.
- Public administration as a subject differs in opinion regarding its field.
- Narrow approach – its concern is limited to only the executive branch of administration. (Simon, Percy McKevin, Luther Gulick) are strong supporters of this view.
- Broad view – Public administration is related to the three organs of government – executive, legislature, judiciary: (Willoughby, White, Negro, FM Marx, Fipner) is a supporter of this view.
- Postcorb Approach — This approach appeared for two reasons
- Managing administration by management scholars
- By the concept of a universal administrative science
- Luther Gulick first discussed the principles that involved the activities of POSDCORB.
- Pococ Approach — Henry Fayol posits this.
- Public welfare approach – also called idealistic approach, supported by Dror, Marsan and L.K. De White has done.
- Those who support it do not accept the distinction between the state and the administration because both have the same goal of public welfare.
7. Public administration is related to price – from the implementation of public policy.
- Public administration aims at public welfare.
- Public welfare purpose and spread of democracy, both of these things have greatly increased the functions of public administration.
8. Who considers public administration as art – E.N .Gladden
- Responsibility of public administration from personal administration is a penetrating element.
- EN Gladden has called public administration polymorphic.
9. The final test of public administration is – increase human welfare to the highest extent
10. Which is the oldest approach to the study of public administration – philosophical approach
- Governance is also mentioned in ancient Indian political books and religious texts.
- Jataka stories, Shanti Parva of Mahabharata, Ashtadhyayi of Panini, Aitareya Brahmana, Nitisara of Shukracharya, Kautilya is also mentioned about governance in economics.
11. “Public administration is the name for implementing the law in detail and management.” – Woodrow Wilson
12. “Public administration is concerned with all actions that aim to achieve goals.” – L. D. white
13. “Public administration is a detailed and systematic implementation of the law.” – Woodrow Wilson
14. “Public administration is government administration.” – Mohit Bhattacharya
15. Public administration’s claim to be a science challenged – Robert Dahl
16. “Unless the study of public administration is comparative, the claim of making it a science will only be baseless.” – Robert Dahl
17. Public administration is concerned
From the executive branch of the government
- administrative process
- Bureaucracy and its activities
18. “Public administration in the language of the general public means actions that are performed by the executive branch of the central, state and local governments.” – Herbert Simon
19. Who used the suffix of point and central point to review the intellectual development of the subject of public administration – Nicholas Henry
20. The patronage of the new conference on public administration in the 1960s was – Dwight Waldo